Insofar as dependency analyses concentrate on the external determinations of underdevelopment, they diminish African agency and echo imperialist accounts of African history, whereas the Marxist focus on internal production processes and social relations resonates with nationalist historiography. At first the Chinese ignored the Vietnamese communists. They did not interfere with Ho Chi Minh's efforts to set up a government in the north. Balandier, Georges La situation coloniale: Their rule was unusually repressive. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Spain later agreed by treaty to cede the Philippines in Asia and Guam in the Pacific. CCP leader Mao Zedong advocated women's equality, socialism b. This railway reached the gold mines of Ghana. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
African initiatives and resistance in the face of partition. Early in the 19th century, serious internal weaknesses developed in the Qing dynasty that left China vulnerable to Western, Meiji period Japanese, and Russian imperialism. By the Treaty of Saigon in , on June 5, the Vietnamese emperor ceded France three provinces of southern Vietnam to form the French colony of Cochinchina ; France also secured trade and religious privileges in the rest of Vietnam and a protectorate over Vietnam's foreign relations. It was as recent as the s and s that the Portuguese began to relinquish their colonies in Asia. In Alibis of Empire:
France France moved into Vietnam in , capturing Saigon in The United Kingdom and France also received a number of concessions. He understood that Portugal could wrest commercial supremacy from the Arabs only by force, and therefore devised a plan to establish forts at strategic sites which would dominate the trade routes and also protect Portuguese interests on land. A Governor-General in Hanoi ruled Cochinchina directly and the other regions through a system of residents. The nationalist periodization of African history, in which the colonial moment occupies limited space, was sanctified in the Cambridge History of Africa, — and UNESCO General History of Africa, — histories, each in eight thick volumes, only two of which were on the colonial and postcolonial periods. The following year independence was granted to Burma and Ceylon. Japan was now one of the most powerful forces in the Far East , and in , it entered World War I on the side of the Allies, seizing German-occupied Kiaochow and subsequently demanding Chinese acceptance of Japanese political influence and territorial acquisitions Twenty-One Demands ,